June club night and barbecue at the field

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Meeting has been moved as the weather for tomorrow is not looking good at all. It will now be Wednesday week 19th June when forecast is much better.

As usual our examiners will be on hand to help with any of the tests for the BMFA achievement scheme. If you actually want to take a test please advise Bob beforehand so he can make sure that he has the appropriate forms.

Work Party at the field to clear weeds in the lane

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Thank you to the small squad that turned up to the work party today. Cleared an amazing amount in just a couple of hours. It was quite windy but we did not get rained on. Two of the work party are currently receiving cancer treatment, one has recently had major surgery on a wrist to fuse it because of pain and another is awaiting hip surgery.



Lane is at least a metre wider in places now.

The volunteers at work



Bob Ryan

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Congratulations to Bob on the following achievements in the BMFA Scheme

  • Chief Instructor Fixed Wing
  • Chief Examiner Fixed Wing
  • Chief Instructor Helicopter                  
  • Chief Examiner Helicopter

In case you are not sure what a Chief examiners function is, I downloaded the following from the BMFA document “Guidance For Chief Examiners”

The job of a Chief Examiner is to “assess applicants for the post of Club Examiner and to promote and maintain the standards of the R/C Power Achievement Scheme by example and by visiting clubs who require their services”.

Latest revisions to ANO

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Important Notice to all BMFA Examiners, instructors and achievement scheme test candidates. Mandatory Questions Updated

Updated list of Mandatory Questions.

To take in to account recent changes to the regulations that affect the flying of model aircraft the list of Mandatory questions has been updated to reflect the changes.

The new list is reproduced below and is also available to view on the achievement scheme website at https://achievements.bmfa.org/mandatory-questions the online quiz has also been updated to reflect the changes. See https://achievements.bmfa.org/quizzes/mandatory-questions-quiz

All the standards and guideline booklets on the Achievement Scheme Website have also been updated with the new question list.

All tests conducted after 1st May 2019 should use the updated questions.

Mandatory Questions List

Revised 14/04/19

Q(1) Who Regulates all civil flying activities over the United Kingdom, including model aircraft ?

  1. A) The Civil Aviation Authority

Q(2) How are the rules and regulations for flying established in law by Parliament (statute) ?

  1. A) As a series of Articles contained within in the Air Navigation Order (ANO).

Q(3) What does Article 240 of the ANO state, in relation to endangering an aircraft or any person in an aircraft?

  1. A) ‘A person must not recklessly or negligently act in a manner likely to endanger an aircraft, or any person in an aircraft.’

Q(4) What does Article 241 of the ANO state, in relation to endangering a person or property?

  1. A) ‘A person must not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property.’

Q(5) Who is legally responsible to ensure that a model is flown safely ?

  1. A) Theremote pilot.

Q (6) Which Civil Aviation Publication (CAP) relates specifically to the use of model aircraft, and for which specific purposes only?

  1. A) CAP 658 (as amended by CAP 1763), for sport and recreation purposes only

Q(7) According to CAP 658 (as amended by CAP 1763), which model aircraft are required to have an operating failsafe and what is the minimum setting ?


  1. Any aircraft >7kg.
  2. Any Gas Turbine powered aircraft.
  3. Any powered model aircraft fitted with a receiver capable of operating in failsafe mode.

As a minimum, reduce the engine(s) speed to idle on loss or corruption of signal.

Q(8) What does  Article 94 of the ANO say about the responsibilities of the remote pilot of a small unmanned aircraft ?


  1. The remote pilotof a small unmanned aircraft may only fly the aircraft if reasonably satisfied that the flight can safely be made.
  2. The remote pilotmust not fly a small unmanned aircraft within the flight restricted zone (FRZ) of a protected aerodrome unless permission has been obtained from aerodrome Air Traffic Control (ATC).

Q(9) What does  Article 94  of the ANO say about visual contact with small unmanned aircraft ?

  1. A) The remote pilotmust maintain direct, unaided visual contact with the aircraft sufficient to monitor its flight path in relation to other aircraft, persons, vehicles, vessels and structures for the purpose of avoiding collisions.

Q(10) What is the maximum legal operating height for a small unmanned aircraft(a), and what is required before you can exceed it(b)?

  1. A) (a) 400 feet above the surface.

(b) Within an FRZ, permission of the relevant ATC, or other relevant authority, Outside of an FRZ, permission is required from the CAA, either individually or via a published exemption. An agreed maximum altitude may be part of these permissions and unaided visual line of sight to the aircraft must always be maintained.

Q(11) What does Article 94 of the ANO say about ‘commercial operation’ for small unmanned aircraft?

  1. A) The operatorof a small unmanned aircraft must not cause or permit a small unmanned aircraft to be flown for the purposes of commercial operations, and theremote pilotof a small unmanned aircraft must not fly it for the purposes of ‘commercial operation’ except in accordance with a permission granted by the CAA.

Q(12) How is a flight for the purpose of ‘commercial operation’ defined ?

  1. A) Any flight for which remunerationor ‘valuable consideration’ is given or promised in respect of the flight or the purpose of the flight. Essentially any gain you may make from the flight/operation undertaken.

Q(13) How is ‘a small unmanned surveillance aircraft’ defined ?

  1. A) An aircraft which is equipped to undertake any form of surveillance or data acquisition (this includes all camera equipped aircraft) .

NOTE: The provision of data solely for the use of monitoring the model is not considered to be applicable to the meaning of ‘surveillance or data acquisition’.

Q(14) What are the separation requirements of Article 95 – for small unmanned surveillance aircraft – when operating over or within a congested area or organised open-air assembly of more than 1,000 persons ?

  1. A) The aircraft must not fly over or within 150 metres of a congested area or organised open-air assembly of more than 1,000 persons

Q(15) What are the separation requirements of Article 95 – for small unmanned surveillance aircraft – in respect of any vessel, vehicle or structure which is not under the control of the operator or remote pilot of the aircraft ?

  1. A) The aircraft must not fly within 50 metres of any vessel, vehicle or structure not under the control of the operatorand/or remote pilotof the aircraft.

Q(16) Except during take-off and landing, what are the separation requirements of Article 95 – for small unmanned surveillance aircraft –  in respect to persons not under the control of the operator or remote pilot?

  1. A) The aircraft must not fly within 50 metres of any person not under the control of the operator and/or remote pilot of the aircraft.

Q(17) What must be obtained before any flight within the ‘flight restriction zone’ of a protected aerodrome for any aircraft?

  1. A) Obtain permission from the appropriate Air Traffic Control unit, or other relevant authority for the FRZ.

Q(18) CAA General Exemption E 4457 – permits FPV flight without a buddy box, but with a competent observer. (a) How must the competent observer monitor the flight and (b) What is the maximum mass of aircraft that may be flown under this exemption?

  1. A) (a) The competent observer must maintain direct unaided visual contact with the model at all times and communicate with the remote pilot. (b) The aircraft must be below 3.5kg including batteries and fuel.

Q(19) Who has legal responsibility for the safety of  an FPV flight   a) conducted with a buddy box lead and  b) conducted without a buddy box lead ?

A ) (a) The remote pilot (master Tx) who must maintain direct unaided visual contact with the model at all times. (b) The remote pilot, who must have a competent observer maintaining direct unaided visual contact with the model at all times.

Q(20) According to CAP 658 (as amended by CAP 1763) what are the 8 ‘Only fly if’  checks for an FPV flight of an aircraft over 3.5kg ?

  1. A)
  2. The activity is solely for ‘sport and recreation’ purposes;
  3. Two pilots take part;
  4. A Buddy Box system is employed;
  5. The remote pilotoperates the master transmitter;
  6. The remote pilot does not wear the headset or view a screen;
  7. The aircraft remains within the natural unaided visual range of the remote pilot;
  8. Reliable operation of the Buddy Box is established;
  9. A clear handover protocol is established.

Q(21) What is a Flight Restriction Zone (FRZ) and how would you find out if you were operating in the FRZ of a Protected Aerodrome?

  1. A) (a) An FRZ is a large circular area centred on the reference point of a protected aerodrome,  with the addition of rectangular extensions from the end of the runways. (b) All FRZs are shown on a map on the CAA/NATS website at https://dronesafe.uk/restrictions

Q(22) What is a Protected Aerodrome?


  1. An EASA certified aerodrome i.e. what would typically be called an airport.
  2. A Government aerodrome i.e. a Military airfield.
  3. A National licenced aerodrome i.e. most smaller ‘general aviation’ airfields.

Q(23) What is the definition of a model aircraft – legally a ‘small unmanned aircraft’?

  1. A) A small unmanned aircraft is any unmanned aircraft, other than a balloon or a kite, having a mass of not more than 20kg without fuel, but including any articles or equipment installed or attached to the aircraft at the commencement of the flight.

Hangar 9 CubCrafters XCub 60cc

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Having experienced a loss of interest in flying model airplanes, I thought perhaps that the purchase of a Hangar 9 CubCrafters XCub 60cc ARTF at the end of last year might Ginger up my enthusiasm. Unfortunately this has not proved the case, largely due to the poor design and presentation of the kit. The model is designed for electric use or petrol IC (Horizons 62cc Evolution) and having suffered one Evolution engine, I elected to go to my manufacturer of choice and fit the OS GT 60cc. This presented a problem regarding the position of the throttle servo, as the orientation of the carburettor controls is different from the Evolution. This has proved a bit of a hassle to say the least.

I tend to get quite bored putting planes together so generally only manage an hour at a time; so at only a few hours a week it’s taking awhile.

This is where I’m Up to so far.

I put the transmitter in the shot to illustrate the size of the tundra wheels.

The model comes with a tow release which I have fitted.

The tail controls are in a compartment in the bottom of the fuselage, probably so that they are not visible in the cabin.

The wing struts which are not fitted in the photo are not as well done as those on Hangar 9’s 1/4 scale Cubs which will make transportation difficult.

All in all I’m beginning to wish I had not bought it. I suspect it will fly well, so its just a question of if I finish it before the end of the summer.





At the field this week so far

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Kevin East had his Futura scrutinised and got his certificate allowing it to be flown at the field, which he did. Great displays.

Thank you Don Fraser for the photograph.

Most of the usual Tuesday crew were present for a pleasant day although the wind got a bit chilly by mid afternoon.


The two Alans marked out the runways. Looks great, thanks chaps.



BMFC Thursday lunch club


Training day for A & B certificates

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Weather was kind and the event was well attended. I’m sure a number of people learned a lot and went away with a much better idea of what is required and how to do it.

Congratulations to Matt Epps who passed his ‘A’

Taylor Veasey was there, getting to know his petrol powered Wot 4 XL which he plans to use to do his ‘B’ when hes good and familiar with it.

Thank you to Bob Ryan, Steve Brett and Dave Warren for what turned out for them to be quite a long day.


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